## Lesson 1: Sharps and Flats in New Rhythms

### Chapter 3

Sixteenth Notes

Back in Lesson 2, we used money to think about how each rhythmic value is broken in half to create a smaller rhythmic value. You remember: The whole note was \$1, and the half note was 50 cents, and we continued to break each rhythmic value in half until we got to the eighth note. Let's take another look:

• Whole note = \$1
• Half note = 50 cents
• Quarter note = 25 cents
• Eighth note = 12 ½ cents

Now I'd like you to learn about an even smaller rhythmic value: the sixteenth note, which is half of one eighth note, or 6 ¼ cents.

Notice that when a single sixteenth note stands alone on the staff, it has two flags on the stem:

A single sixteenth note

But when sixteenth notes stand next to each other on the staff, they're connected with two bars.

Multiple sixteenth notes as they appear on the staff

In 4/4 time, you'd need 16 sixteenth notes to equal one complete measure. Why? Because four sixteenth notes equal one quarter note, and four quarter notes equal one complete measure. Confusing?

You've already seen a version of the following illustration in one of your assignments. This one, however, includes sixteenth notes. Each line of the five rhythmic values represents one complete measure of 4/4 time. Listen to the audio recording first, and then see if you can count and play with sixteenth notes too. Play the E1 string open, and stabilize your right hand by resting your thumb on the B2 string. Strive for consistent alternation between the index and middle fingers.

Exercise playing and counting all rhythmic values

The Language of Rhythm

When speaking in the language of sixteenth-note rhythms, we'd say that the lone eighth note in the measure above falls on the "&" of beat two. So then here's a question for you: Referring to the measure in the previous illustration, what rhythmic value falls on the "a" of beat one?

If you answered a sixteenth note, you'd be correct.